Assessment of the cognitive level

Cognitive functions include memory, learning ability, language skills and the execution of complex daily activities. They involve psychological processes related to understanding, knowledge, memories, solving problems and processing information. It is very important to determine a client’s cognitive abilities. In addition to their verbal abilities, a client's performance skills also need to be assessed. Cognitive functioning can be assessed in tests requiring a client's active participation, but also by the people directly involved in the client’s care by means of observation and filling out intelligence tests/checklists.

When a client’s cognitive level is overestimated or underestimated, the client will not be approached in line with their intellectual ability. This can result in demands that are too high (too much or too difficult) or too low (too little or too easy). This may lead to excessive stress, deprivation and boredom.